Center for Social Work Pirot in cooperation with project partner Center for Development Initiative and Support “Novitas” realized work shop 05/06/2018.. It was held in  “YES” – the Center for Young Entrepreneurs located in the premises of the Center for Social Work. This center has been created and equipped with computers and other equipment supplied  through the Virtual Enterprise project, with the aim of empowering young people in their startup up businesses, gaining business knowledge and skills needed to work in enterprises.

The training was attended by 20 young people between the ages of 18 and 25, who gained basic knowledge of starting a business, writing a CV ect. A special benefit is that, through the Virtual Enterprise platform,, they were trained in the role of employer and professional employed by the company, thus gaining additional knowledge and experience.



Whether or not youth are enrolled in school, receiving training or working, has important implications for future economic growth, development and stability. If overlooked, youth unemployment has a potential to have significant and serious social repercussions. Youth unemployment can lead to social exclusion and unrest. Investing in decent job creation however, as well as in education and training opportunities for the youth, will help them find their place and contribute to more prosperous and stable societies.


  • 621 million young people aged 15-24 years old are not in education, employment or training.
  • 75 million young people are trained but have no job.
  • In the next decade, one billion young people will enter the labour market, and large numbers of young people face a future of irregular and informal employment.
  • Almost 90% of all young people live in developing countries.
  • Youth are approximately three times more likely to be unemployed than adults.
  • The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates that the global youth unemployment rate is expected to reach about 1% in 2019 (71 million young people) and remain at that level through to 2020 (up from 12.9% in 2018).

It is estimated that 23% of young people currently employed in the world earn less than $1.25US a day.



  • Girls and young women make up the majority of the world’s 621 million young people who are not in education, employment or training.
  • Unemployment is affecting young women more than young men in almost all regions of the world. In Northern Africa and the Arab States, the female youth unemployment rate is almost double that of young men, reaching as high as 44.3 and 44.1%, respectively.
  • There were 52.6 million domestic workers in the world in 2010, of which 80% are women. Women are more likely to engage in “invisible” domestic work outside the home, which is poorly considered and regulated.
  • More than two thirds of all child domestic workers are girls. They are vulnerable to exploitation and violation of their rights.
  • According to the World Bank, in 90% of countries there is at least one law that is acting as a barrier to economic equality for women. Their research also highlighted that in 18 countries a woman has to ask for her husband’s permission to work.
  • In the world, women earn on average 24% less than men, and more than 30% less in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia.
  • Gender norms are one of the main obstacles faced by girls and young women when they want to access education or the world of work.

Working with families, community and religious leaders, men and boys is crucial to challenge these social norms and attitudes.

Participation of young people in education and the labor market – according to EU


In the case of young people, participation in formal education and in the labor, market interact in complex ways going beyond a straightforward one-way transition from school to work. In some countries, young people start working much earlier than in others, e.g. in the form of summer jobs or jobs for students. It is important to be aware of these issues when interpreting and assessing youth unemployment rates.

At age 15, nearly 100 % of the population in the European Union are still at school. As the young grow older, there is a gradual decrease in the proportion of young persons in education. Not all leave education at the same age, so there is a gradual change for the young population as a whole. The pace is determined by national systems of education and training, as well as other factors like national labor market characteristics and cultural determinants.

There are significant structural differences among European countries in young people’s participation in the labor market. The reason is a combination of institutional factors (e.g. formal apprenticeship schemes), cultural determinants, whether there is a job market for students, etc. Differences in the national systems of education and training also play a major role.

On the basis of these factors, the EU countries are separated in several groups, and here we will mention only the groups in which Bulgaria and Serbia are collaborators.

 They are included in the first and second groups, which typically include countries where there are very few students who are employed or unemployed. For countries in this group, there is very little overlap between the labor market and education. This may be the case, e.g. if young people complete their studies before looking for a first job, and have only a small amount of work experience and internships.

Other countries in these groups are the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Portugal, Montenegro, Northern Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey. (Eurostat,

The Number of Employed People in Bulgaria Exceeds Registered Unemployed in the First 6 Months of 2019


In the first six months of the year, the number of people who started work exceeds the number of those who are registered as unemployed, the Employment Agency reports. For the period, 123,410 unemployed registered in the Labor Offices have started work. For this period, the number of employed on the labor market compared to the number of registered unemployed increased by 1.1 percentage points compared to the first half of the previous year 2018.

In June 19,898 unemployed started work , with 82.2% of them in the real economy. Another 689 people from the retirees and students also found their new job.

At the same time, the trend for decreasing the registered unemployment rate in the country remains in June, with the level of 5.2% in the middle of the year, according to data from the agency. There is a decrease of 0.1 percentage points compared to the previous month and by 0.5 percentage points on an annual basis.

At the end of the month the registered unemployed in the labor offices were 169 659 people, with the decrease compared to May by 5740. Compared to June 2018, they are by 18 917 less.

Newly registered unemployed in June were 21 404, of which 1708 were inactive, ie. they were neither employed nor students nor looking for a job.

The work of the Labor Offices continues to include more and more employed, students and retirees among whom employers also rely on finding their cadres, the agency said. A total of 647 people from these groups were registered during the month as jobseekers.